Bixby Bridge

Roman Loranc

Bixby Bridge

Big Sur, California, 2010

Original Gelatin Silver Photograph

Image dimensions: 9" x 7"
Mounted dimensions: 20" x 16"

Pristine condition

certified authentic
Bixby Bridge



Unique sepia and selenium toned Gelatin Silver photograph individually handmade by Roman Loranc from 4x5 Kodak Tri-X sheet film. Dry-mounted on cotton rag museum board. Signed in pencil on mount with title, date and numbered edition 39/40 on mount verso.


The HD Video of the actual work in question has been provided as a visual condition report. If you would like a written condition report in addition to the HD video, please


Loranc’s rich sepia and selenium toning endows his photographs with a mysterious, old world atmosphere, while his sharp-focus compositions remind us that a contemporary artist is at work. His immaculate, imaginative darkroom craftsmanship, working with large 4×5 format Linhof view camera and Kodak Tri-X sheet film, combined with a rare heightened subject sensitivity, give the resultant photographs a tactile, dreamlike quality that is technically unsurpassed. Today, Roman Loranc is carefully carving a unique and important niche in contemporary California landscape photography.


The most popular black and white process of the 20th century was gelatin silver, in which the image consists of silver metal particles suspended in a gelatin layer. Gelatin silver papers are commercially manufactured by applying an emulsion of light-sensitive silver salts in gelatin to a sheet of paper coated with a layer of baryta, a white pigment mixed with gelatin. The sensitized paper, generally fiber-based, is exposed to light through a negative and then made visible in a chemical reducing solution. William Henry Fox Talbot introduced the basic chemical process in 1839, but the more complex gelatin silver process did not become the most common method of black-and-white darkroom photography until the late 1910s. Because the silver image is suspended in a gelatin emulsion that rests on a pigment-coated paper, gelatin silver can be sharply defined and highly detailed in comparison to platinum or palladium, in which the image is absorbed directly into the fibers of the paper.

roman loranc in the darkroom

In addition, Roman uses a sepia and selenium split-toning process. Sepia toner is a chemical compound that converts the traditional metallic silver to a sulfide compound called silver sulfide. The result is a shift toward warmer golden tones. Prior to being discontinued in the late 2000’s, Roman was using Kodak’s sepia toner and therefore, the sepia tone of his early works is visibly different from his later ones. The selenium toner reacts with the silver in the paper’s emulsion to form silver selenide, which increases longevity. In addition, it enriches the blacks and removes any green cast from cool-tone photographic paper, turning in brown and if left in the toner long enough, an aubergine color. Like the exposure itself, these toning color shifts take place within seconds and no two can ever be made exactly alike.

roman loranc in the darkroom