Whelks
Whelks
Whelks
Whelks

Olivia Parker

Whelks

Vintage Gelatin Silver Photograph

Image dimensions: 7.5" x 9.5"
Mounted dimensions: 16" x 20"

Pristine condition

certified authentic
Add to Collection — $12,000
Whelks
Whelks
Whelks
Whelks

Details

Description

Vintage original selenium toned fiber-based Gelatin Silver photograph by Olivia Parker, "Whelks." Individually handmade by Olivia Parker from 8x10 format film in 1979 with Kodak AZO selenium-toned silver chloride photographic paper. Signed and numbered 2 in ink along lower edge and corner mounted on cotton rag museum board.

Condition

The HD Video of the actual work in question has been provided as a visual condition report. If you would like a written condition report in addition to the HD video, please

Medium

The most popular black and white process of the 20th century was gelatin silver, in which the image consists of silver metal particles suspended in a gelatin layer. Gelatin silver papers are commercially manufactured by applying an emulsion of light-sensitive silver salts in gelatin to a sheet of paper coated with a layer of baryta, a white pigment mixed with gelatin. The sensitized paper, generally fiber-based, is exposed to light through a negative and then made visible in a chemical reducing solution. William Henry Fox Talbot introduced the basic chemical process in 1839, but the more complex gelatin silver process did not become the most common method of black-and-white darkroom photography until the late 1910s. Because the silver image is suspended in a gelatin emulsion that rests on a pigment-coated paper, gelatin silver can be sharply defined and highly detailed in comparison to platinum or palladium, in which the image is absorbed directly into the fibers of the paper.

Besides having an extremely long scale, Azo has particularly rich blacks. When compared to enlarging papers it has more contrast in the midtones, giving the images a glowing richness and greater depth. Sadly, Kodak stopped manufacturing all black and white papers in 2007, and then demolished the coating facilities so there was no hope for AZO’s resurrection.

Cross section of Gelatin Silver paper