Golden Gate Bridge: Study IV
Golden Gate Bridge: Study IV
Golden Gate Bridge: Study IV

Michael Kenna

Golden Gate Bridge: Study IV

San Francisco, CA, 1988

Vintage Original Gelatin Silver Photograph

Image dimensions: 6.5 x 8
Mounted dimensions: 16" x 20"

Pristine condition

certified authentic
Add to Collection — $3,500
Golden Gate Bridge: Study IV
Golden Gate Bridge: Study IV
Golden Gate Bridge: Study IV



Vintage original sepia and selenium toned Gelatin Silver photograph by Michael Kenna, "Golden Gate Bridge: Study IV." Individually handmade by Michael Kenna from 6x6 format film in 1990 with fiber-based photographic paper. Mounted on 16x20 inch cotton rag museum board. Signed and numbered edition 14/45 in pencil on mount with artist’s stamp on verso.


The HD Video of the actual work in question has been provided as a visual condition report. If you would like a written condition report in addition to the HD video, please


michael kenna with enlarger


The most popular black and white process of the 20th century was gelatin silver, in which the image consists of silver metal particles suspended in a gelatin layer. Gelatin silver papers are commercially manufactured by applying an emulsion of light-sensitive silver salts in gelatin to a sheet of paper coated with a layer of baryta, a white pigment mixed with gelatin. The sensitized paper, generally fiber-based, is exposed to light through a negative and then made visible in a chemical reducing solution. William Henry Fox Talbot introduced the basic chemical process in 1839, but the more complex gelatin silver process did not become the most common method of black-and-white darkroom photography until the late 1910s. Because the silver image is suspended in a gelatin emulsion that rests on a pigment-coated paper, gelatin silver can be sharply defined and highly detailed in comparison to platinum or palladium, in which the image is absorbed directly into the fibers of the paper.